It is relatively common for couples to experience infertility nowadays. As per a study published in the International Journal of Fertility and Sterility, infertility affects around 10-18% of married couples everywhere in the world. It’s estimated that approximately 72.4 million couples across the world could be infertile. It’s believed that ladies are liable for around 25-40% of cases of infertility whereas men account for 40-55%.
Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after a minimum of a year of normal unprotected sexual activity. Primary infertility refers to couples who haven’t conceived whereas secondary infertility is typically defined as the inability to conceive for one year after being pregnant at least once before.
According to Dr. Mohit Saraogi who is known for best IVF treatment in Mumbai, the common causes of infertility in women include ovulatory disorders like anovulation, amenorrhea and menstrual disturbances; tubal disorders, and endometriosis. Unexplained infertility accounts up to 10% of the cases. Moreover, factors like smoking, alcoholic abuse, age, stress, and obesity also can increase the danger of infertility in women.
What Are The Signs Of Infertility In Women?
Most of the couples don’t have any significant symptoms of infertility. In fact, it’s not until the time they struggle to conceive that they realize infertility. The signs of infertility in women might be associated with the underlying explanation for the condition. There are numerous conditions which will affect the probabilities of getting pregnant right from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis to sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia and pelvic disease. These signs vary counting on the cause.
However, as per the infertility specialists following are the few common signs of infertility in women:
1. Irregular periods
One of the foremost common signs that would indicate infertility in women is menstrual irregularities. If you’ve got a cycle which is more than 35 days or but less than 21 days, it’s a symbol of concern. The normal cycle is 28 days long. However, a cycle between 26 days to 32 days is considered regular as long as your periods are consistent.
But if you fail to recall when was the last time you had your periods or if you get periods which aren’t consistent monthly, then it could mean irregular periods. This might be caused due to an underlying hormonal condition like PCOS or endometriosis, which may contribute to infertility.
2. Absence of periods
Just like irregular periods, the absence of periods could even be a symbol of infertility in women. Every woman in her reproductive years gets periods monthly unless they’re pregnant. However, if you are not getting periods for a month or two and aren’t pregnant, then it could mean you’re not ovulating. Factors like stress or heavy workouts can cause periods to not appear for a couple of months. But if you are not having periods for around 2 to 3 months straight, then it’s time to have a meeting together with your gynecologist and get tested for infertility.
3. Painful periods
Well, most girls do experience abdominal pain and cramps during times. However, if you’re experiencing severe abdominal cramps or if your periods interfere together with your routine life, then it might be because of endometriosis. If this is often the case, do consult your doctor. Moreover, heavy periods or periods which last longer than seven days might indicate problems with the hormones. Hence, painful periods or heavy periods might be a symbol of infertility in women.
4. Hormonal changes
One of the key reasons for female infertility is severe hormonal changes within the body. This is often the rationale why signs of hormonal fluctuations could indicate a possible risk of infertility. The signs of hormonal changes include reduced sex drive or libido, weight gain, hair loss or thinning of hair, facial hair growth and symptoms of the skin like acne. If you experience any of those symptoms that indicate a hormonal imbalance, then it’s important to speak to your doctor and rule out any abnormal or underlying hormonal disorders that would be interfering together with your chances to urge pregnant.
5. Painful sex
Most women feel that pain during sex is sort of common as they could have experienced painful sex during their lives. However, this is often not true. You would possibly experience pain during your first intercourse or two but if you experience pain whenever you’ve got sex, it shouldn’t be ignored because it could be a symbol of infertility in women. Pain during sex is typically seen in conditions like endometriosis, hormonal issues or other gynecological problems that would be contributing to infertility. So ask an expert or your gynecologist to understand what might be the precise explanation for pain during sex.