Health

Get to know BPH: a benign prostate enlargement that often affects men.

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate that occurs in men. Prostate enlargement occurs in two phases, the first phase at puberty, and the second phase after the age of 25 years and occurs throughout life. It is in this second phase that enlargement can cause problems.

According to an incidence study in the journal Urology Med Review, BPH occurs 10 percent in men in their 30s, 20 percent in men in their 40s, 50-60 percent in men in their 60s, 80-90 percent in men aged 70-80.

 Here is some information about BPH:

1. Occurs because of a hormonal imbalance.

According to the Urology Care Foundation, in men, testosterone is the dominating hormone. With age, testosterone levels in men will decrease, accompanied by an increase in other hormones. There are two theories, namely an increase in the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or an increase in the hormone estrogen. The increase in this hormone will then cause the cells in the prostate tissue to develop more rapidly, which in turn can cause enlargement.

2. Symptoms of BPH

The prostate is part of the reproductive system, the size of a pea and is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. According to the Medscape page about BPH, when there is an enlargement, this will certainly interfere with the passage of urine from the bladder to the mouth of the urethra. Symptoms that arise can include, increased urinary frequency, especially at night, often feel like urinating, urinary emission is often obstructed, having to strain to pass urine, so that in the end the emission weakens and leads to the inability to urinate at all. 

3. Risk factors for the incidence of BPH

According to Mayo clinic regarding BPH, several risk factors for the occurrence of BPH are a family history of BPH, such as a father or sibling. Another risk factor is the presence of metabolic diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease. Other risk factors are lifestyle, such as a diet high in fat, obesity and lack of physical activity can increase the risk of developing BPH.

4. When to see a doctor?

In fact, it is good to exercise regular control on men as they get older. This is because there are several levels of enlargement, and the longer it is allowed, the levels will increase, and the therapy obtained will also be different. 

However, considering that in daily practice this is difficult to do, once you are aware that you have BPH risk factors such as a family history of Dr Oz Granite Male Enlargement, you can immediately increase your alertness. Men are also advised to see a doctor as soon as they notice some of the symptoms mentioned above.

5. What therapy will be given later?

Unlike infectious diseases that can be cured with antibiotics, BPH is not a disease that can be cured with drugs that are often found on the market. The doctor will give drugs with different functions. Later, drugs will be given that can shrink the size of the prostate so that urine flow becomes smooth again. Or you will be given drugs that can relax the muscles around the prostate so that urine can still pass. Or can be given a combination of these two drugs.

If the prostate is too large or the therapeutic regimen does not resolve the complaint, it is possible to perform surgery to shrink the prostate surgically. Therefore, it is advisable to see a doctor as soon as you feel a complaint.

6. What are the complications of BPH?

If not treated promptly, an enlarged prostate can cause total obstruction of urinary flow. This can cause the flow of urine to stop and accumulate, increasing the risk of urinary tract infection by bacteria and can even cause kidney damage if left untreated. 

7. What is the prevention of BPH?

In fact, there is no sure way to prevent BPH because prostate enlargement will occur in all men as they get older. However, weight loss, eating healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables, reducing consumption of foods high in fat, and regular exercise can all play a role in controlling normal hormonal balance. And if you are a population with high risk factors, do not hesitate to come to the doctor and consult.

This is an explanation of BPH. To get the right treatment, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor. Because the faster the treatment, the easier it will be to treat.