About 500,000 people suffer from diabetes. Most of them suffer from type 2 diabetes. The vast majority are over 65 years of age. Just over 600 people in Finland under the age of 20 suffer from type 1 diabetes every year.
Treatment of diabetes usually requires a stricter diet and careful self-care. This is to prevent complications such as diabetic eye disease.
Your lifestyle can be assessed as a whole, for example, with a comprehensive Clean Health Check, which includes more than 30 body health indicators (including glucose). Now click this link to find out more on blood glucose.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the body’s cells. The body is supposed to convert glucose into energy. However, diabetes and lifestyle changes can greatly improve the quality of life.
What is type 2 diabetes (“adult diabetes”)?
Type 2 diabetes is a more common disease than type 1 diabetes. It is due to a rise in the level of glucose, or glucose, in the blood.
Type 2 diabetes is primarily a lifestyle disorder with risk factors for obesity, unhealthy diet and low levels of physical activity. Lifestyle -related low-grade inflammation can contribute to the onset of diabetes.
This type of diabetes is treated with insulin therapy, other medications, regular check-ups and lifestyle changes.
Gestational diabetes and diabetes during pregnancy
A pregnant woman needs more glucose than usual to feed her baby. Therefore, the body also needs more insulin. In some women, the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to meet the needs of the body, leading to an increase in blood glucose levels.
- Decreased sugar tolerance during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. It is usually diagnosed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. As with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood glucose levels rise too high.
- However, this is not actual diabetes, and impaired sugar tolerance in pregnancy is found at a much lower level than, for example, type 2 diabetes.
Most women end diabetes when the baby is born. However, gestational diabetes is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Obesity and genetic factors increase risk.
It is important to take special care with your blood sugar during pregnancy, whether it is diabetes or pregnancy-related illness. The symptoms of gestational diabetes are largely the same as those of other types of diabetes.
If untreated, gestational diabetes can lead to complications such as premature birth and miscarriage.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
It may take years for people with diabetes to realize that their symptoms are abnormal. Indeed, many people may suffer from diabetes for years without knowing it. The condition worsens as the disease progresses, but you may still be mistaken for a normal state of the body, as the symptoms develop a habit.
In order to prevent diabetes, it is important to pay attention to changes in your body, especially if there is a hereditary predisposition.